One of the fundamental elements militating against the improvement of sports activities in Nigeria these days is loss of powerful control. a whole lot of solutions are being proffered through concerned and patriotic Nigerians day by day to bail us out the quagmire. considered one of such answers is this article entitled “modern trends in sports administration and control”. it’s far written by way of Dr. Joseph Awoyinfa, a lecturer in the branch of Human Kinetics and health education, faculty of schooling, college of Lagos, Nigeria; a researcher and academic representative. i used to be the individual invited by way of the writer and the university to study the e book when it was presented to the public on December four, 2008 in Nigeria.
In line with Awoyinfa, it is a truism all over the international that sport is now a reference trouble which could now not be ignored at numerous sectors of the economy and spheres of existence. the writer adds that this text hence takes a critical look at topical problems in sports management and management, dwelling on theories and concepts of present day traits in sports activities management and management such as management, agency, making plans, motivation, etc.
The text carries 16 chapters. bankruptcy one is christened “the idea of sports activities management”. right here, Awoyinfa says management is a idea that means different things to distinctive human beings at different times, for this reason main to its multiplicity of definitions. He explains that control has been variously defined as an art, a technological know-how, a person or humans, a discipline and a method.
This creator expatiates that as an artwork, sports management is all approximately carrying out sports activities organisational capabilities and tasks through people; even as as a technology, sports management is about organising sports philosophy, legal guidelines, theories, standards, techniques and practices. As an business enterprise, in line with him, sports activities control is described as a way of making formal structures and an established order primarily based on a challenge, goals, objectives, capabilities and obligations.
Awoyinfa says as someone or organization of people, sports activities control might also check with the pinnacle by myself or to all of the senior personnel, committee, and many others.; at the same time as as a subject, management is a area of look at with various topics and topics. the writer illuminates that sports management as a manner is set a scientific manner of doing things. Awoyinfa highlights management capabilities in sports activities management as making plans, organising, staffing, directing/leading, controlling, coordination, budgeting and evaluation. On whom a sports supervisor is, this creator educates that a sports activities manager is each person at any degree of game employer who directs
the efforts of different humans toward the fulfillment of organisational goals recreation-sensible.
bankruptcy is based at the problem rely of evolution and tendencies of sports control notion. right here, Awoyinfa discloses that the improvement of mind on sports control dates back to the days when human beings first tried to perform desires by working collectively in a set. In his words, “there was serious thinking and theorising about managing many years before the dawn of the 20th (20th) century, which marked the beginning of cutting-edge sports activities control concept. primary efforts to develop theories and ideas of sports control started out from the early twentieth (twentieth) century with the work of Frederick Taylor and Henri Fayol. the industrial revolution of the nineteenth (nineteenth) century possibly supplied the weather for this very critical theorising.”
Awoyinfa provides that for the reason that turn of the 20 th century, writers on sports activities control and business theory were propounding unique theories approximately a way to control work and employees greater efficiently and efficaciously. This creator educates that the three primary schools of management idea are: the classical; the human-behavioural; and the integrative. Awoyinfa also highlights early sports control theorists; principles and traits of clinical control; appraisal of the medical management principle, and so on., in this chapter.
chapter three is thematically labelled “ideas of sports management”. on this bankruptcy, the academic representative explains that sports concepts are the simple legal guidelines on which the exercise of sports management is constructed. He adds that management ideas must consequently be based totally on standard phrases for them to be relevant within sport firms of various sizes and man or woman. “modern sports managers and directors are anticipated with a view to perceive and use suitable concepts which might be relevant to unique situations. that is because no single principle can suit all administrative conditions,” submits Awoyinfa.
He says the fundamental concepts of sports are those relevant to all sports enterprises and due to their preferred acceptability, they are on occasion known as “commonplace standards of sports management”. This author expatiates that a number of those principles are: obligation; delegation of authority and conversation. As regards humanitarian ideas of sports activities control, Awoyinfa identifies those as democracy, justice, human members of the family, sympathy, empathy, attention and humility.
In chapter 4 based totally on the idea of behavioural and motivational theories in sports activities employer, the author says humans are unique creatures as they behave otherwise under distinct situations and are mainly tough to expect. Awoyinfa stresses that considering the fact that people represent the most vital detail in sports activities company, sports activities managers want some knowledge of why humans behave in one manner or the alternative, so that they (sports activities managers) can have an effect on human beings to carry out precisely the manner sports activities organizations discover acceptable.
One mighty tool this writer indicates that may be used to elicit overall performance in athletes is motivation. In his words, “Motivation is something wanted in sports activities enterprises to make personnel carry out.
but, it’s been an crucial and a confusing situation for sports managers.” Awoyinfa similarly discusses improvement of motivational concepts in sports corporation; utility of motivational theories to sports activities management; techniques of behaviour amendment, etc., on this bankruptcy.
In chapters 5 to ten, the author beams his analytical searchlight on challenge subjects together with management techniques in sports activities organisation; the concept of sports activities company; putting design in sports activities corporation; the concept of making plans in sports administration; making sports companies greater effective in Nigeria and staffing in sports activities corporations.
bankruptcy 11 is primarily based on communication techniques in sports business enterprise. in step with Awoyinfa right here, conversation is a essential element in any organisational effectiveness because enterprises can’t characteristic efficiently whilst communique abilities are lacking among individuals. “on the grounds that conversation is the moving spirit in an organization, its absence can also make companies standstill,” asserts this creator.
In chapters 12 to 16, Awoyinfa X-rays concepts which includes organisational modifications and development in sports activities administration; leadership in sports activities administration and control; management and management of football as a teach; teaching human kinetics and fitness training in schools and colleges; and corporation and administration of colleges at various degrees of education.
As regards mode of presentation, this newsletter scores a bypass mark. for instance, the language is understandable and the ideas are brilliantly articulated. The simplicity of the language is predicted, given the author’s twin professional background as a lecturer and pastor. To make sure smooth look at of the textual content on readers’ component, Awoyinfa highlights the goals of every chapter at the beginning and ends with assessment/revision questions.
what is extra, he creatively embroiders the textual content with pix (pages 50, ninety seven, 317, 330, 338, 395, and so on.) to decorate readers’ information via visual communique. Awoyinfa consists of references on the cease of every bankruptcy to fulfil academic responsibility of supply disclosure and provide readers possibilities to read extra. Inclusion of many references also confirms the intensity of his research. His use of visible distinction for the phrase “modern-day tendencies” inside the name is emphatically innovative.
If there are chapters that truely make this newsletter qualified as a compendium of modern-day answers to the executive and management troubles plaguing our sports improvement in Nigeria, they’re chapters 4, eight, 11 and thirteen. that is because they discuss motivation, planning, conversation and leadership respectively.
in the meantime, the thematically greatest bankruptcy of all is bankruptcy four. The reality that it’s miles consciously or unconsciously taken to be the best bankruptcy finds realistic expression in the deeper conversation and cohesion among its challenge remember on the only hand and the outer front cowl’s allegorical visuals or metaphorical pix consisting of intention put up, cyclists racing, a garden tennis player poised for motion along with her bat, sprinters competing and footballers struggling for ball possession, however. those are pics used for example in motivational discourse.
but, some mistakes are observed in this text. The mistakes are “Acknowledgement” (web page iii), as opposed to “Acknowledgements”; non-paragraphing of the natural first few paragraphs of “Preface”; “Loosing” (pages 396 and 404), as opposed to “losing”, and many others. these mistakes want to be corrected inside the next version.
On a observe of analytical finality, this text is a compendium of impossible to resist sports control suggestions. it’s miles a ought to-study for all stakeholders in the sports quarter, especially managers and administrators. it’s far honestly fascinating.